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Religion

종교 탐방

VII. Bibliography

 
 

1. General:

RICHARD CAVENDISH (ed.), Man, Myth, & Magic: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Mythology, Religion, and the Unknown, new ed. edited and comp. by YVONNE DEUTCH, 12 vol. (1983), generally reliable; JAMES G. FRAZER, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion, 3rd ed. rev. and enlarged, 12 vol. (1911-15, reprinted 1955), a classic anthropological study; WILLIAM A. LESSA and EVON Z. VOGT (eds.), Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach, 4th ed. (1979), with articles on divination, magic, and witchcraft; JOSEPH NEEDHAM, Science and Civilisation in China (1954- ), a multivolume history including substantial sections on astrology and alchemy--6 vol. in 14 parts had appeared to 1986; LESLIE SHEPARD (ed.), Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology, 2nd ed., 3 vol. (1984-85); and LYNN THORNDIKE, A History of Magic and Experimental Science, 8 vol. (1923-58, reissued from various printings, 1964), which is concerned with Europe from the period of the Roman Empire through the 17th century.

2. Hermetism:

HERBERT LEVENTHAL, In the Shadow of the Enlightenment: Occultism and Renaissance Science in Eighteenth Century America (1976); A.D. NOCK (ed.) and A.-J. FESTUGIÈRE (trans.), Corpus Hermeticum, 4 vol. (1945-54, reprinted 1980); WALTER SCOTT (ed. and trans.), Hermetica: The Ancient Greek and Latin Writings Which Contain Religious or Philosophic Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus, 4 vol. (1924-36, reissued 1985); WAYNE SHUMAKER, The Occult Sciences in the Renaissance: A Study in Intellectual Patterns (1972, reprinted 1979), an analysis of alchemy, astrology, Hermetism, magic, and witchcraft; ARTHUR EDWARD WAITE, The Brotherhood of the Rosy Cross: Being Records of the House of the Holy Spirit in Its Inward and Outward History (1924, reissued 1973), the only satisfactory study of Rosicrucianism to cover both its early and later periods; JAMES WEBB, The Occult Underground, rev. ed. (1974), and The Occult Establishment (1976, reissued 1981), studies of occultist movements in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries; EDGAR WIND, Pagan Mysteries in the Renaissance, rev. and enlarged ed. (1968, reissued 1980), the influence of Neoplatonic and esoteric thought on Renaissance arts; and FRANCES A. YATES, Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition (1964, reprinted 1979), The Rosicrucian Enlightenment (1972, reissued 1978), and The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age (1979, reissued 1983), the most important of the author's studies of the Hermetic-Kabbalist tradition and of its place in 16th- and 17th-century thought in Europe.

3. Alchemy:

JOHN FERGUSON, Bibliotheca Chemica: A Catalogue of the Alchemical, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Books in the Collection of the Late James Young of Kelly and Durris, 2nd ed., 2 vol. (1954), the most important bibliography of alchemy, carefully and copiously annotated; ALAN PRITCHARD, Alchemy: A Bibliography of English-Language Writings (1980), a comprehensive work, valuable for its listing of secondary material; M. BERTHELOT and CH.-ÉM. RUELLE (eds.), Collection des anciens alchimistes grecs, 3 vol. (1887-88, reprinted 1967), the principal source for all studies of Hellenistic alchemy, although its accuracy has often been impugned; TITUS BURCKHARDT, Alchemy: Science of the Cosmos, Science of the Soul (1967; originally published in German, 1960); C.A. BURLAND, The Arts of the Alchemists (1967), a valuable source for iconography; MIRCEA ELIADE, The Forge and the Crucible, 2nd ed. (1978; originally published in French, 1956), a comparison of alchemy with the practices of the primitive metallurgist; RICHARD RUSSELL (trans.), The Works of Geber (1678, reprinted 1928; originally published in Latin, 1545), the most famous and important medieval Latin work on alchemy; E.J. HOLMYARD, Alchemy (1957, reprinted 1968), a general history; C.G. JUNG, Psychology and Alchemy, 2nd rev. ed. (1968, reprinted 1980; originally published in German, 2nd rev. ed., 1952), a classic psychological interpretation of alchemy; JACK LINDSAY, The Origins of Alchemy in Graeco-Roman Egypt (1970), a popular work but with a detailed consideration of occult ideas; ROBERT P. MULTHAUF, The Origins of Chemistry (1967), a discussion of Greek, Arabic, and European alchemy, with an extensive bibliography; PRAPHULLA CHANDRA RAY, A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Sixteenth Century, A.D., 2 vol. (1902-09), a valuable study; HERBERT SILBERER, Problems of Mysticism and Its Symbolism (1917, reprinted 1971 as Hidden Symbolism of Alchemy and the Occult Arts; originally published in German, 1914), an early Freudian interpretation of alchemy; NATHAN SIVIN, Chinese Alchemy: Preliminary Studies (1968); H.E. STAPLETON, "The Antiquity of Alchemy," Ambix, 5(1 and 2):1-43 (October 1953), on the relationship between Greek and Arabic alchemy; F.S. TAYLOR, "A Survey of Greek Alchemy," The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 50:109-139 (1930), an excellent English-language summary; ARTHUR EDWARD WAITE, The Secret Tradition in Alchemy: Its Development and Records (1926, reprinted 1969), a spiritual interpretation; and Ambix (3 times per year), the journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Early Chemistry and the principal source of new historical research.

4. Divination: (Astrology):

F. LEIGH GARDNER, A Catalogue Raisonné of Works on the Occult Sciences, vol. 2, Astrological Books (1911), useful for European astrology; J.C. HOUZEAU and A. LANCASTER, Bibliographie générale de l'astronomie, 2 vol. in 3 (1880-89, reprinted 1964), including in vol. 1 a listing of some 2,500 works on astrology; DAVID AMAND (EMMANUEL AMAND DE MENDIETA), Fatalisme et liberté dans l'antiquité greque: recherches sur la survivance de l'argumentation morale antifataliste de Carnéade chez les philosophe grecs et les théologiens chrétiens des quatre premiers siècles (1945, reprinted 1973), a discussion of ancient philosophical criticisms of astrology; AUGUSTE BOUCHÉ-LECLERCQ, L'Astrologie grecque (1899, reprinted 1979), the fundamental work on Greek astrology; JEAN-LOUIS BRAU, HELEN WEAVER, and ALLAN EDWARDS, Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology (1980, reissued 1982; originally published in French, 1977), useful for modern astrology; FRANZ CUMONT, Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans (1912, reprinted 1960), a review of astrology's position in pagan religions; ROBERT EISLER, The Royal Art of Astrology (1946), an excellent critical history; EUGENIO GARIN, Astrology in the Renaissance: The Zodiac of Life (1983; originally published in Italian, 1976), on astrology's relationship to other aspects of Hermetism; MICHEL GAUQUELIN, The Scientific Basis of Astrology: Myth or Reality (1969; originally published in French, 1964); HILAIRE DE WYNGHENE, Les Présages astrologiques (1932), a survey of astrology in ancient Mesopotamia; ELLIC HOWE, Urania's Children: The Strange World of the Astrologers (1967), a history of astrology in England and Germany in the 19th and 20th centuries; E.S. KENNEDY and DAVID PINGREE, The Astrological History of Masha` allah (1971), an Arabic text and English translation on Sasanian astrology; HANS LEWY, Chaldaean Oracles and Theurgy: Mysticism, Magic and Platonism in the Later Roman Empire, new ed. by MICHEL TARDIEU (1978), on astrology's role in other divinatory practices; CARLO ALFONSO NALLINO, "Astrologia e astronomia presso i Musulmani. 1. Astrologia," in his Raccolta di scritti editi e inediti, ed. by MARIA NALLINO, vol. 5, Astrologia, astronomia, geografia, pp. 1-41 (1944), the best discussion of astrology in Islam; DAVID PINGREE, Census of the Exact Sciences in Sanskrit, 4 vol. (1970-81), an account of Indian astrologers; and G.J. TOOMER (trans.), Ptolemy's Almagest (1984), the most important classical astronomical text and the source of all subsequent astrological theory.

Occultism

5. (Other forms):

WILLIAM BARRETT and THEODORE BESTERMAN, The Divining Rod: An Experimental and Psychological Investigation (1926, reissued 1968), with a bibliography of water divining; WILLIAM BASCOM, Ifa Divination: Communication Between Gods and Men in West Africa (1969); AUGUSTE BOUCHÉ-LECLERCQ, Histoire de la divination dans l'antiquité, 4 vol. (1879-82, reprinted 1975), a classic work; HENRY CALLAWAY, The Religious System of the Amazulu (1870, reissued 1970), with an analysis of their divinatory practices; ANDRÉ CAQUOT and MARCEL LEIBOVICI, La Divination: études recueillies, 2 vol. (1968), by specialists in many fields; GEORGES DUMÉZIL, Archaic Roman Religion, 2 vol. (1970; originally published in French, 1966), with an appendix on the religion of the Etruscans; ROBERT FLACELIÈRE, Greek Oracles, 2nd ed. (1976; originally published in French, 1961); WILLIAM A. LESSA, Chinese Body Divination: Its Forms, Affinities and Functions (1968); MICHAEL LOEWE and CARMEN BLACKER (eds.), Divination and Oracles (1981), nine studies covering the ancient and Oriental worlds; RENÉ DE NEBESKY-WOJKOWITZ, Oracles and Demons of Tibet: The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities (1956, reprinted 1976); VICTOR W. TURNER, Ndembu Divination: Its Symbolism & Techniques (1961, reprinted 1969); EVON Z. VOGT and RAY HYMAN, Water Witching, U.S.A., 2nd ed. (1979), an ethnographic study; and HELMUT WILHELM, Change: Eight Lectures on the I-Ching (1960, reprinted 1973; originally published in German, 1944), studies of Chinese divination.

6. Magic:

CAMPBELL BONNER, Studies in Magical Amulets: Chiefly Graeco-Egyptian (1950); E.M. BUTLER, The Myth of the Magus (1948, reprinted 1979), and Ritual Magic (1949, reissued 1986), studies of European magic and its sources; ÉMILE DURKHEIM, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (1915, reprinted 1976; originally published in French, 1912), a classic statement of the sociological approach to magic; E.E. EVANS-PRITCHARD, Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande (1937, reprinted 1968), on African magic and witchcraft; SIGMUND FREUD, Totem and Taboo: Some Points of Agreement Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics (1950, reissued 1983; originally published in German, 1912-13), a psychoanalytic interpretation; MARCEL MAUSS, A General Theory of Magic (1972, reissued 1975; originally published in French, 1902-03), an early anthropological study; ELIPHAS LÉVI (ALPHONSE LOUIS CONSTANT), The History of Magic: Including a Clear and Precise Exposition of Its Procedure, Its Rites, and Its Mysteries, 4th ed. (1948, reprinted 1982; originally published in French, 1860), and Transcendental Magic: Its Doctrine and Ritual, rev. ed. (1923, reissued 1984; originally published in French in 2 vol., 1854-56), historically unreliable but the sources of most modern occultist theory; JOHN MIDDLETON (ed.), Magic, Witchcraft, and Curing (1967, reprinted 1979), essays; A.R. RADCLIFFE-BROWN, The Andaman Islanders (1922); FRANZ STEINER, Taboo (1956, reprinted 1967); KEITH THOMAS, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England (1971, reissued 1978), based on an anthropological theory; R. CAMPBELL THOMPSON, Semitic Magic: Its Origins and Development (1908, reprinted 1976); JOSHUA TRACHTENBERG, Jewish Magic and Superstition: A Study in Folk Religion (1939, reissued 1984), on medieval Jewish magic of eastern Europe; BRIAN VICKERS (ed.), Occult and Scientific Mentalities in the Renaissance (1984); D.P. WALKER, Spiritual and Demonic Magic: From Ficino to Campanella (1958, reprinted 1976), magical theory of the Renaissance; MURRAY WAX and ROSALIE WAX, "The Notion of Magic," Current Anthropology, 4(5):495-518 (December 1963); and HUTTON WEBSTER, Magic: A Sociological Study (1948, reprinted 1973).

7. Witchcraft:

ROSSELL HOPE ROBBINS, The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology (1959, reprinted 1984), concerned solely with European and North American witchcraft, with a valuable bibliography, and Witchcraft: An Introduction to the Literature of Witchcraft (1978), a bibliographical study based on the major collection at Cornell University Library; JULIO CARO BAROJA, The World of the Witches (1964, reprinted 1973; originally published in Spanish, 1961), the history of continental European witchcraft; GEORGE LINCOLN BURR (ed.), Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases, 1648-1706 (1914, reprinted 1975), documents related to North American witchcraft; NORMAN COHN, Europe's Inner Demons: An Enquiry Inspired by the Great Witch-Hunt (1975, reissued 1977), a socio-historical study; J.R. CRAWFORD, Witchcraft and Sorcery in Rhodesia (1967), based on cases coming before the Rhodesian courts; C. L'ESTRANGE EWEN (comp. and ed.), Witch Hunting and Witch Trials: The Indictments for Witchcraft from the Records of 1373 Assizes Held for the Home Circuit A.D. 1559-1736 (1929, reprinted 1971), and C. L'ESTRANGE EWEN, Witchcraft and Demonianism: A Concise Account Derived from Sworn Depositions and Confessions Obtained in the Courts of England and Wales (1933, reprinted 1984), pioneering studies of English case records of the 16th and 17th centuries; CLYDE KLUCKHOHN, Navaho Witchcraft (1944, reprinted 1962), an anthropological analysis; HENRY CHARLES LEA (comp.) and ARTHUR C. HOWLAND (ed.), Materials Toward a History of Witchcraft, 3 vol. (1939, reissued 1957), a documentary source for European witchcraft; ALAN MACFARLANE, Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England: A Regional and Comparative Study (1970); LUCY MAIR, Witchcraft (1969), a popular and largely anthropological work focusing on Africa; M.G. MARWICK, Sorcery in Its Social Setting: A Study of the Northern Rhodesia Cewa (1965, reprinted 1970); M.G. WARWICK (ed.), Witchcraft and Sorcery: Selected Readings, 2nd ed. (1982), sociological writings from ancient to modern times; EDWARD PETERS, The Magician, the Witch, and the Law (1978), evidence for the relationship between magicians and witches; and JEFFREY BURTON RUSSELL, Witchcraft in the Middle Ages (1972, reprinted 1984), and A History of Witchcraft: Sorcerers, Heretics and Pagans (1980, reprinted 1983), describing the social dynamics of witchcraft from ancient to modern times.

   


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