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Bible Literature


I. Introduction

Biblical literature, as it is treated in this article, consists of four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.

The Old Testament is a collection of writings that was first compiled and preserved as the sacred books of the ancient Hebrew people. As the Bible of the Hebrews and their Jewish descendants down to the present, these books have been perhaps the most decisive single factor in the preservation of the Jews as a cultural entity and Judaism as a religion. The Old Testament and the New Testament--a body of writings that chronicle the origin and early dissemination of Christianity--constitute the Bible of the Christians.

The literature of the Bible, encompassing the Old and New Testaments and various noncanonical works, has played a special role in the history and culture of the Western world and has itself become the subject of intensive critical study. This field of scholarship, including exegesis (critical interpretation) and hermeneutics (the science of interpretive principles), has assumed an important place in the theologies of Judaism and Christianity. The methods and purposes of exegesis and hermeneutics are treated below. For the cultural and historical contexts in which this literature developed, see JUDAISM and CHRISTIANITY .

 ] 위로 ] 성서 개관 ] 신약성서 개관 ] 구약성서 개관 ] 성서 문학 ] [ I. 문학 서론 ] II.영향과 중요성 ] III. 구약 정경/본문/판 ] IV. 구약 역사 ] V. 구약 문학 ] VI. 구/신약 중간 문학 ] VII. 신약 정경/본문/판 ] VIII. 신약 역사 ] IX. 신약 문학 ] X. 신약 외경 ] XI. 예배식 ] XII. 해석과 해석학 ] XIII. 참고 문헌 ]


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