Le Duc Tho,
original name PHAN DINH KHAI (b. Oct. 14, 1911, Nam Ha province, Vietnam--d.
Oct. 13, 1990, Hanoi), Vietnamese politician and corecipient in 1973 (with Henry
Kissinger) of the Nobel Prize for Peace, which he declined.
Duc Tho was one of the founders of the Indochinese
Communist Party in 1930. For his political activities he was imprisoned by the
French in 1930-36 and 1939-44. After his second release he returned to Hanoi in
1945 and helped lead the Viet Minh, the
Vietnamese independence organization, as well as a revived communist party
called the Vietnam Workers' Party. He was the senior Viet Minh official in
southern Vietnam until the Geneva Accords of 1954. From 1955 he was a member of
the Politburo of the Vietnam Workers' Party, or the Communist Party of Vietnam,
as it was renamed in 1976. During the Vietnam War (1955-75) Tho
oversaw the Viet Cong insurgency that began against the South Vietnamese
government in the late 1950s. He carried out most of his duties during the war
while in hiding in South Vietnam.
is best known for his part in the cease-fire of
1973, when he served as special adviser to the North Vietnamese
delegation to the Paris Peace Conferences, 1968-73. He eventually became his
delegation's principal spokesman, in which capacity he negotiated the cease-fire
agreement that led to the withdrawal of the last American troops from South
Vietnam. It was for this accomplishment that he was awarded the Nobel Peace
Prize. Tho oversaw the North
Vietnamese offensive that overthrew the South Vietnamese government in 1975, and
he played a similar role in the first stages of Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia
in 1978. He remained a member of the Politburo until 1986.
르 둑 토 (黎德壽, Le Duc Tho).
본명은 Phan Dinh Khai.
1911. 10. 14 베트남 남하~.1999. 10. 13
1973년 헨리 키신저와 함께 노벨 평화상 공동수상자로
지명되었으나 거절했다. 1930년 인도차이나 공산당의 창당
일원이었으며 정치적 활동 때문에 프랑스 정부에 의해
투옥되었으나 1940년 중국으로 탈출했다. 1945년 하노이로
돌아와 공산당인 베트남 노동당 재건과 독립운동 단체인
베트민을 창설하는 데 기여했다. 1955년부터 베트남 노동당의
정치국에서 일했고 1976년부터는 노동당에서 공산당으로
명칭이 바뀐 베트남 공산당 정치국의 일원이 되었다. 1968~73년
파리 평화회담에 월맹측 대표단 특별 고문으로 파견되어 1973년
베트남 종전을 위해 활약한 것으로 유명하다. 나중에는
대표단의 수석 대변인이 되었다.